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How Facebook Algorithm Works

facebook algorithm

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As a social media manager, staying on top of an ever-changing Facebook algorithm is one of the most critical yet challenging parts of our job. With over 3 billion monthly active users, Facebook remains a prime platform to reach audiences, but organic reach seems to decline each year.

It’s frustrating to spend hours carefully crafting social campaigns only to see our content show up in fewer and fewer feeds. It’s hard to break through without a solid understanding of how Facebook’s ranking algorithm works and the motivation behind constant updates.

In this guide examining Facebook’s social media algorithms, we’ll unpack why changes happen, how content gets ranked, and most importantly provide actionable best practices to apply to your strategy right away. Mastering the algorithm isn’t impossible with the right roadmap.

Let’s get started solving the mystery together!

Q. What is Facebook Algorithm?

Facebook algorithm refers to the automated system that ranks and determines which posts appear in each user’s News Feed. With billions of posts created every day across Facebook’s apps, the algorithm acts as an intelligent personal assistant, using machine learning to evaluate content and only display what it predicts you want to see.

The end goal of Facebook’s ever-evolving algorithm is to show users the most relevant, interesting posts in their feeds out of the incredible flood of content. Relevance is determined based on multiple ranking factors including a user’s past interactions, profile information, groups they joined, pages they follow, ads they click, and more. 

Next, we’ll examine some of the key factors impacting content ranking.

Key Factors Influencing the Facebook Algorithm

1. Inventory of Content

Think of this as a big library of everything available on Facebook. This includes all the posts, videos, pictures, and stories from everyone you’re connected to and even some you aren’t. The algorithm looks at this huge collection every time it needs to decide what to show you.

2. Signals

These are like little hints that tell the algorithm what might be important to you. Signals can be who made the post, what type of post it is (like a photo or video), and how people are interacting with it. For example, if you always like and comment on your best friend’s posts, the algorithm notices this and shows you more from them.

3. Predictions

The algorithm is pretty smart! It tries to guess what you might do with a post. Will you like it, comment on it, share it, or just scroll past it? It makes these guesses based on what you’ve done in the past. If you always watch cooking videos, it’ll show you more of those.

4. Relevance Score

After considering all the signals and predictions, the algorithm gives each post a score. The higher the score, the more likely you are to be interested, and the higher it appears in your feed. This score helps make sure that what you see first is what you’re most likely to enjoy.

These factors work together to create a personalized Facebook experience just for you, filled with posts and stories you’re most likely to love!

Strategies for Social Media Managers

content filter through facebook algorithm

[Source: Facebook]

1. Quality Content

First things first, focus on quality content. This means creating posts that are interesting, informative, or just plain fun. High-quality content is like a magnet – it attracts more views, likes, and shares. Whether you’re telling a story, sharing news, or teaching something new, make sure it’s done well. Good content keeps people coming back for more!

2. Understanding Your Audience

Next up, know your audience like the back of your hand. What do they like? What are their hobbies? When you understand your audience’s preferences and behaviors, you can create content that speaks directly to them. It’s like choosing a birthday gift for your best friend – because you know them well, you pick something they’ll love.

3. Diversifying Content Types

Don’t just stick to one type of post. Mix it up! Use videos, live sessions, photos, and even user-generated content. Different types of posts keep things fresh and exciting. It’s like having a box of assorted chocolates – everyone finds something they enjoy.

4. Optimizing Posting Times

To effectively reach your audience, consider the best time to post on Facebook. It’s a bit like setting up a lemonade stand on a sunny day when everyone is seeking refreshment. By sharing content when your audience is most active—perhaps in the morning, during lunch breaks, or in the evenings—you’re more likely to catch their attention and engage them

5. Engagement

Lastly, create content that gets people talking. Ask questions, encourage comments, and respond to feedback. Engagement is a two-way street – the more you interact with your audience, the more they’ll interact with your content. It’s like throwing a party and making sure everyone’s having a good time.

By following these strategies, you can create content that not only reaches more people but also resonates with them.

Major Updates and Changes in Facebook Algorithm

Facebook’s algorithm has seen some big changes over the years. Let’s take a walk down memory lane and see how things have evolved:

  • March 2023 – New Facebook Reels Features + 90-Second Video
    Facebook introduced new features for Reels, including longer videos up to 90 seconds. Additional surfaces for discovery were added to increase circulation. This update signals Facebook moving towards more immersive, entertaining content.

  • June 2022 – FB Algorithm Changing to Better Compete with TikTok
    Facebook tweaked its algorithm to keep up with TikTok’s growing popularity. This meant focusing more on what keeps users entertained and engaged, just like TikTok does.

  • April 2022 – Instagram Ranking to Highlight Original Content
    Instagram, which is part of the Facebook family, started giving more love to the original content. This change was all about encouraging creators to come up with their unique stuff.

  • Feb 2022 – Facebook Rebrands “News Feed” to the “Feed”
    Facebook changed the name of its ‘News Feed’ to just ‘Feed’. It might seem like just a name change, but it was part of a bigger plan to make the platform more about connecting with others and less about news.

  • April 2021 – Facebook Launches Tests for Future Changes to the News Feed
    Facebook began testing new ways to change the News Feed. They wanted to make sure that the feed would keep showing stuff that’s interesting and important to you.

These changes show how Facebook is always trying to make your experience better and more fun. Tracking updates allows us to notice algorithm shifts early and change course.

major updates and changes in facebook algorithm

Next, we’ll cover helpful additional insights for staying ahead of changes.

Additional Facebook Algorithm Insights

Beyond the core ranking factors, several other considerations related to Facebook’s algorithm are useful for social media managers. These include algorithm myths, examining ethics, predicting changes, and understanding how Facebook compares to other platforms.

1. Algorithm Myths

Let’s bust some myths about the Facebook algorithm!

Myth: A big misconception is that it hides some Facebook posts on purpose.

Fact: That’s not true. The algorithm just tries to show you what you’ll like the most. There is nothing like it hides the scheduled Facebook posts.

Myth: Posting at a specific time is the golden rule.

Fact: Knowing your audience’s peak activity times is important, but algorithm updates and individual user behavior can also alter this.

Myth: A common misconception is that only video content or Reels succeed now.

Fact: While video is strongly prioritized, the reality is high-quality content in any format tailored specifically to your audience will still perform based on relevance.

Also, check out – Why my Facebook Scheduled Posts are not working

2. Ethical Considerations

The Facebook algorithm’s influence raises ethical questions. We need to consider:

  • Filter bubbles and echo chambers: The algorithm can create personalized newsfeeds that limit exposure to diverse viewpoints.
  • Privacy concerns: How much data is collected and used to personalize content? Is transparency enough?
  • Manipulating user behavior: Can the algorithm be used to sway opinions or influence elections?

Staying informed about these ethical debates and advocating for responsible use of the algorithm is crucial to ensure a healthy online environment.

3. Future Predictions

Here are some guesses about the algorithm’s future:

  • Focus on AI and personalization: Machine learning may further tailor content to individual preferences and predict user behavior with even greater accuracy.
  • Rise of immersive experiences: Augmented reality and virtual reality integration could transform how we interact with content on Facebook.
  • Prioritizing authentic connections: The emphasis on meaningful interactions may continue, encouraging genuine conversations and community building.

By staying adaptable and focusing on creating valuable content that fosters true connection, you’ll be well-prepared for whatever the algorithm throws your way.

4. Comparative Analysis

Compared to other platforms, Facebook’s algorithm is quite unique. For example, Twitter’s feed is more about showing the latest posts, while Instagram focuses a lot on visual content. LinkedIn prioritizes professional and educational content. Understanding these differences can help you tailor your content for each platform.

These insights give you a deeper look into the world of social media algorithms and how they shape what we see online.


In summary, the Facebook algorithm is a dynamic tool that shapes our social media experience. It’s driven by content quality, user engagement, and personal preferences. As a social media manager, staying adaptable and informed about these changes is crucial.

Remember, the key to success on Facebook is to keep evolving with the algorithm, ensuring your content remains engaging and relevant. Stay updated, stay creative, and you’ll thrive in the ever-changing landscape of Facebook!

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the Facebook algorithm?

The Facebook algorithm is an AI system that ranks and determines the order of posts in users’ Feeds. It aims to create a personalized, relevant feed for each person.

How does the Facebook algorithm decide what content I see?

The algorithm analyzes posts based on predicted relevance to you using signals like pages followed, past interactions, interests, recency, content quality, and engagement from others. It gives each post a relevance score.

Can I influence the Facebook algorithm to favor my content?

Yes, by publishing content that generates authentic engagement and positive signals from real users. Use best practices around understanding your audience, encouraging interaction, analyzing competitors, etc. But be ethical.

Why is my Facebook reach declining, and how can I improve it?

Competition has increased while organic reach declined intentionally by Facebook. Ensure content quality is high, boost engagement from ideal audiences, and diversify content types. Stay on top of algorithm updates as well. 

How often does the Facebook algorithm change?

Frequently – sometimes multiple times per year. Changes often focus on reducing inflammatory content and political posts in favor of friends/groups and discovery. 

Can you reset the Facebook algorithm?

No, there are no options to reset personalization or fully refresh signals. Creating a new page may temporarily help but best to focus efforts on high-quality, audience-aligned content.

Is there a secret time to post for better reach?

While peak engagement times can vary, focusing on quality and consistent posting is more impactful than fixating on a specific hour.

Do paid ads guarantee top placement?

No, organic reach plays a role, and quality content is key to achieving a good balance. Paid ads can boost your visibility, but organic engagement builds long-term success.


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